Gambella – the Southwest corner of Ethiopia: Gambella is boasting for culture and nature tourism. It is located at the tip of South West Ethiopia along the border of Sudan. The Baro River, the Gambella National Park, the Agnuak, and the Nuer people are mainly visited. The region is rich of coffee, tea plantations, and oil.
The Baro River: It rises from West Ethiopia highlands. It joins the Pibor River after it travels for 306 kms. The Baro-Pibor confluence marks the beginning of the Sobat River, a tributary of the White Nile. Baro River is the only navigable river in Ethiopia. The second largest bridge in Ethiopia 305m long over Baro River connects the two sections of Gambella town. Britain was using Gambella as a port for commercial activities. The Gambella port was established in 1902 for the trade route using the navigable Baro River to Khartoum.
The Nuer People: The Nuer speaks the Nilo-Saharan language group. They live in both Sudan and Ethiopia. The Nuer are mainly pastoralists. The Nuer worldview is built around the herds and prestige is measurd by the quantity and quality of the cattle a man owes. Agriculture is also part of their subsistence activities. In Nuer culture, marriage is not finalized until the bride has born at least two children. When a third child is born, the marriage is considerd “tied.”InNuer, circumcision and six cuts initiate young men across the forehead.
The Agnuak People: Like the Nuer People, the Agnuak are Nilo-Saharan language speaking group. They inhabit mainly in areas near the Baro and Akoba rivers, in two villages on the Sobat River, and at Ajungnur near the mouth of the Pibor River. The Agnuak are an agricultural people, although most families have either a few cattle or some sheep and goats. They also fish from the river. The Agnuak live a tight-knit community life in villages and headmen lead the villages