Yabello National Park lies 565 Km south of Addis Ababa on the Awasa-Moyale highway. It is 10km east of Yabello town in Borena Zone, Oromia Regional State. It was primarily set up to protect and conserve the Swayne’s Hartebeest (Alcelaphusbuselaphusswaynei), an endemic Hartebeest. While the average elevation throughout is 1700 meter above sea level, it can range from 1400 to 2000 meter above sea level. Areas around Yabello receive an annual rainfall of around 700 mm. The main rainy season extends from April to May. Shorter and less reliable rains occur during October. Mean annual temperature is 190C with a mean minimum and maximum of 13 and 250C, respectively. High temperature is usually recorded from January to February. The dominant vegetation community is savannah with different woody and herbaceous plants.
The Borena pastoralists are the dominant tribe here and they still practice pastoralism in the rangelands of Borena. The park is important for a number of mammals as well as rare bird species. At least 210 species of birds have been recorded of which 62 are Somali-Masai Biome species. Mammal species include Swayne’s Hartebeest, Burchell’s Zebra, Gerenuk, Grant’s gazelle and Guenther’s Dik-Dik.